This is not to say Americans make no distinctions among themselves as a result of such factors as sex, age, wealth, or social position.
If they American values and assumptions not speak openly about what is on their minds, they will often convey their reactions in nonverbal ways without words, but through facial expressions, body positions, and gestures. Informality Their notions of equality lead Americans to be quite informal in their general behavior and in their relationships with other people.
Thus, US Americans admire a "well organized" person, one who has written lists of things to do and a schedule for doing them. They soon learned that what they thought to be one of the universal human characteristics represented only a peculiarly American or Western value.
Many also own a personal computer. Levine runs an errand and misses the appointment and angers the landlord for keeping him waiting. The line between acceptable assertiveness and unacceptable aggressiveness is difficult to draw. Parents fulfill their responsibilities to the children while the children are young, and when children reach "the age of independence" the close child-parent tie is loosened, if not broken.
More than that, these expressions convey an admiration for achievers, people whose live are centered around efforts to accomplish some physical, measurable thing. People who want to make things better can do so if only they have strong enough motivation. Informal, relaxed postures are commonly assumed by Americans when they are standing or sitting, even when they are conversing with others.
Despite these limitations, Americans are generally more direct and open than people from many other countries. They do, but the distinctions are acknowledged in subtle ways. Althen discusses individualism, competition, privacy, equality, informality, and time about American culture in the article.
Even a happy present goes largely unnoticed because, happy as it may be, Americans have traditionally been hopeful that the future would bring even greater happiness.
Americans will invite strangers people they have never met into their homes. Americans assume that human nature is basically good, not basically evil. The author acknowledges that lists o values are arbitrary and may be defined differently by different sources, but presents a list of eight that he feels to be particularly germane to American culture: The danger to America is when we allow those who vilify basic American values to have the loudest voices.
Americans are resistant to the notion that there are social classes in America. They see themselves as individuals who are different from all other individuals, whether those others are Americans or foreigners.
Therefore, they argue, liberals are trying to ruin the American way of life.
The children might be included in a social activity, particularly if the activity entails dinner. They will try to do so in a manner they call "constructive," that is, in a manner in which the other person will not find it offensive or unacceptable.
Yet virtually all agree that equality is an important civic and social goal. Awareness campaigns to address societal problems are common.
Americans get no credit whatsoever for having been born into a rich family.
They have not been trained to see themselves as members of a close-knit, tightly interdependent family, religious group, tribe, nation, or other group. Some live in urban areas and some in rural ones.
Because time is a resource to be conserved, Americans are constantly seeking efficiency - to complete a task as quickly as possible saves time, which can be used to do other tasks, and the more one does to improve the future, the better the future will be.
This confounds individuals of other cultures - the notion that a child so young would be given his own money and discretion on spending it is completely foreign - yet to Americans, this is perfectly normal, and even lauded as a good way to teach a child to make decisions and take responsibility.
By this means, we can make healthy decisions while we establish good relationships with people. The American social system has, of course, made it possible for Americans to move, relatively easily, up the social ladder. They have never given the matter much thought.
Foreigners who understand the degree to which Americans are imbued with the notion that the free, self-reliant individual is the ideal kind of human being will find it easier to understand many aspects of American behavior and thinking that otherwise might not make sense.
Individualism The most important thing to understand about US Americans is probably their devotion to "individualism. Informality Their notions of equality lead Americans to be quite informal in their general behavior and in their relationships with other people.
Therefore, if they lose their enemies, they lose America.
Others, especially non-Europeans, do not necessarily share the US American attitude towards time. More than 20 percent of the population of two major cities, Los Angeles and New York, were born in another country.
More than that, these expressions convey an admiration for achievers, people whose lives are centered around efforts to accomplish some physical, measurable thing.American values and assumptions essay help.
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American Values and Assumptions Gary Althen Gary Althen was a foreign student adviser at the University of Iowa for many years. He has written several books based on his experiences living in Peru and Malaysia and on his extensive work with students, immigrants, and other visitors to the United States.
This reading is taken. 1: American Values and Assumptions. The concepts of "values" and "assumptions" are closely related: values are ideas about right and wrong, desirable and undesirable, normal and abnormal; assumptions are postulates, often accepted without much consideration.
Shatha Hakmai 01/27/ In "American Values and assumptions," Gary Althan implies the most of values that Americans are trained to have and believe in them. American Values and Assumptions. Living in a foreign country and adjusting to a new culture can be a very rewarding experience.
But, it can also be a difficult one if you do not understand the. In "American Values and Assumptions", Gary Althen clarifies the American cultural values that intersect and how they work together.
These values are perceived by Americans and sometimes are /5(3).Download