David humes exploration of whether religious belief can be rational

Even if religion as we know it, particularly organized religion, is entirely of human origin, does it then follow that there is no God? After all, they are all based on a form of reasoning that he has cast into doubt i.

The experiential support for the claim "Dead people stay dead" is greater than our experiential support for "people never die for things they know to be false. Once you understand how the memes of religion work, you can see the awful effects they have on people and how difficult they are to get rid of.

Weak Analogy The design argument is premised on a supposed similarity between the construction of human artifacts and natural objects creatures, physical laws etc.

The argument was intentionally similar to a version proffered by Samuel Clarke, but is also similar to arguments defended by both Leibniz and Aquinas.

But because religion is empowered by memes—these infectious, parasitic ideas that lock minds and control belief—it can commandeer belief systems, institutionalize itself, and jump generations.

Hume on Religion

Given this analysis of causation, it makes no sense to talk about a unique object like the universe being caused by another unknown object that is "outside" the universe. If it did, then the acceptance of indeterminism in the area of quantum mechanics would have destroyed the scientific enterprise which, after all, relies heavily on testimony for its operation.

Hume insists that monotheism, while more reasonable than polytheism, is still generally practiced in the vulgar sense; that is, as a product of the passions rather than of reason.

But the pitcher is left-handed, and while Wallace bats. Despite this catalogue of human suffering and grief, we find ourselves too afraid of death to put an end to our miserable existence.

Admittedly it makes a certain amount of common sense. Even after explaining religion without God, nothing follows regarding the potential existence of an actual God. But since morals concerns actions and affections, it cannot be based on reason. If the data is not already there, then it cannot be realized from a permissible inference from the nature of the deity.

However here the relevant cause God and effect the universe are both wholly unique, so there is no way that we could have such repeated experience of their existences or anything that resembles them. A miracle is a violation of the laws of nature, and as a firm and unalterable experience has established these laws, the proof against a miracle, from the very nature of the fact, is as entire as could possibly be imagined.

In parts X and XI, Philo gives his most famous and most decisive arguments against empirical theism. In the introduction to the Natural History, Hume posits that there are two types of inquiry to be made into religion: However, if the above reconstruction of Part I is correct, and Hume thinks that the Categorical Argument has established that we are never justified in believing the testimony of miracles, we might wonder why Part II exists at all.

MIT Press,p. Postscript Concerning Apologetics If my foregoing discussion is correct, opponents of, say, the resurrection of Jesus cannot appeal to a general theory of probability to prove that anyone who accepts the resurrection is being irrational.

Philo does not believe that a solution to the logical Problem of Evil is possible but, by granting this concession, he shifts the discussion to the evidential Problem in Part XI.

Philosophy of Religion

But should reason be in error in either of these areas e. His arguments and objections often go unanswered, and he espouses many opinions on both religion and on other philosophical topics that Hume endorses in other works, such as the hypothesis that causal inference is based on custom.Scottish skeptic David Hume and German critic Immanuel Kant were both philosophers that attempted to address similar concepts of reason and.

David Hume: Religion

Mar 01,  · Belief in God is nothing more than metaphysical hogwash, unless it is based on idea of a rational intelligence that has created the universe with a particular purpose in mind. If you undermine the intellectual credibility of that idea, you undermine the intellectual credibility of God.

Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion by HUME, David

David Hume: Religion. David Hume () was called “Saint David” and “The Good David” by his friends, but his adversaries knew him as “The Great Infidel.” His contributions to religion have had a lasting impact and contemporary significance.

Taken individually, Hume gives novel insights into many aspects of revealed and natural theology. “Natural Belief and Religious Belief in Hume’s Philosophy.” The Philosophical Quarterly, Volume 33, NumberPenelhum previously offered a careful argument that some form of religious belief, for Hume, is natural.

A Very Brief Summary of David Hume. David Hume () is unquestionably one of the most influential philosophers of the Modern period.

b. We have both a mind and a brain, and the brain casually affects mental events, but the mind can't casually affect physical events.

Hume on Miracles, Frequencies, and Prior Probabilities (1998)

c. We have both a mind and a brain, and they casually affect one another. d. While we are sure we have a brain, we must remain skeptical about whether or not we have a mind.

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David humes exploration of whether religious belief can be rational
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